Sponsored by the National Permanente Medical Groups, The Permanente Journal is a peer-reviewed journal of medical science, social science in medicine, and medical humanities. The Permanente Press publishes books related to Kaiser Permanente and health care to advance knowledge in scientific research, clinical medicine, and innovative health care delivery. The Permanente Press is owned, published, and copyrighted by the Permanente Federation.


The Permanente Journal (ISSN 1552-5767) is published quarterly by The Permanente Press. The Permanente Journal is available online (ISSN 1552-5775) at www.thepermanentejournal.org.


Journal subscriptions are entered for the calendar year. Advance payment in US dollars is required. For information about subscriptions, missing issues, billing, subscription renewal, and back issues, e-mail: permanente.journal@kp.org.

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The Permanente Journal
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Collections of articles printed in The Permanente Journal are available as PDF's. Also available are PDF collections of abstracts with links to relevant articles previously published in The Permanente Journal.


The Permanente Journal welcomes requests for reprints and reproduction. Use of any and all material published in The Permanente Journal is copyrighted and protected. The Permanente Journal offers free full-text access for all online content. Although individual sharing of content is permitted, reprint permission is required for republishing or reprinting journal content.